Injury or accident can occur at any place, anytime, be it within the work place or in your own home. These injuries (within this scope covers the minor injuries likely inside a cooking environment) could be possibly prevented, where it couldn't but happen can be effectively handled.
Below are the sensible measures that should be observed to prevent or at best reduce towards the barest minimum: cuts, falls, burns and strains. Where it happens, some first-aid measures (treatments).
Cuts: Always keep knives and employ the right knife for the best job.
- Take precaution with sharp instrument; keep your fingers along with other parts of your body from blade (sharp edge) or point.
- Keep shield around the sharp edges of tools and when not in use, store away in save place. Never keep knife loose along with other cooking implements inside a drawer.
- When cutting or chopping, make sure you do this, not on a stainless-steel table, not even on your hand but on the board, and from your body.
Place a moist cloth underneath the board, where board slips rather than try catching a falling knife.
- Never fool around with knife. In the event you pass a knife to a different, ensure that it stays pointed in the floor and never upwards.
- Wipe knife from the blunt side.
First Aid Treatment:
When it comes to a small cut, rinse wound under a cleaning flowing water or wash using water that is clean with an antiseptic like Dettol or Salvon until wound is clean, then placed on a protective glove to prevent contamination.
- Clean and dry the ground. The ground is usually slippery when wet or when fats, scraps, soap splash and drop or when nylon papers litter the ground.
- Wear non-slip shoes. Let your shoes have a good grip on the ground.
- Look where you walk. Avoid carrying large items as this might block your view and could cause you to lose balance.
- Make sure to clear your runway of boxes, equipment, hose and wires, etc.
- Keep the mind on what you do. Walk purposefully but don't run.
Strain: what this means is pulling the muscle in a wrong way or too suddenly, so the muscle gives way. This could be very painful as it can cause damage to muscle. A strain inside a pace such as the stomach or chest could cause rupture from the internal lining, which can cause hernia that might require surgery. So
- Don't lift heavy object without help. Make use of the trolley instead.
- Bend the knees, not your waist. Keep your back straight.
- Fetch it, don't stretch for it.
- Don't show off your strength. Work gradually, don't go it once. Lift from floor to the chair after which to the counter.
First-aid Strategy to falls and Strains
Make the injured as comfortable as you possibly can, apply cold compress (ice in a cloth). If question about injury, treat as a fracture.
If you don't play it safe burns can happen working with any kind of heat. So watch out for:
- Naked flame near your clothing or towel, electric heat near any part of your body, oil that fries too long and also to hot, it can burst into flames.
- Boiling water too close to the surface of your kettle or saucepan can boil over and splash.
- Don't get a pan, pot or plate without checking the temperature.
- Keep papers, plastic aprons along with other flammable materials away from hot areas and do not try to do too many things at any given time, stay calm and don't have a hurried plot.
- Only use gas or any other source created for the reason.
- Burns and scalds from steam should be cooled as quickly as possible a minimum of for 10 mins. This can reduce heat in the burn, swelling and pains in addition to prevent further harm to underlying tissue.
- Blisters ought not to be removed. A wet cloth or ice covered with cloth can be utilized around the injury. Remove any thing on that part of the body before swelling occurs.
- Dress area with clean, sterile materials or bandage.
- Don't use adhesive dressings, plasters or cotton wool.
- Do not apply lotions or fat to the injury and never break blisters, remove loose skin or interfere with damages.
The measures discussed above are intended for minor injuries alone. A qualified physician should handle major injuries professionally.